facts about kerala wikipedia

facts about kerala wikipedia

[120][121] Prominent social reformers such as Sri Narayana Guru, Chattampi Swamikal, Ayyankali, Vakkom Moulavi and C. V. Raman Pillai also are from Thiruvananthapuram. ", Hunter, Thelma. "Legacies of matriliny: The place of women and the 'Kerala model'. As a result, it does not experience distinct seasons. [57] The most powerful kingdom of Kerala during the colonial period, Travancore, was developed through the expansion of Venad by Mahahrajah Marthanda Varma, a member of the Thrippappur branch of the Ay Dynasty who ascended to the throne in the 18th century. 1. [188] The schools are affiliated with The State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT), Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). The city hosted the first international cricket match in Kerala at the University Stadium in 1984. [3] The Arab writers had called this place Malibar, Manibar, Mulibar, and Munibar. Laterisation is a result of the heavy rainfall and humid conditions. Cheras 2. [264] Surfing is also a popular sport in the beaches. It is … His entire kingdom was then a land of immense prosperity and happiness. [74][75] A group of pirates known as the Pirates of Tangasseri formerly lived at the Cemetery. [221], Kerala University is ranked as the best university in Kerala according to the MHRD's National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF). The studies point to the indigenous development of the ancient Kerala society and its culture beginning from the Paleolithic age, and its continuity through Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic ages. [47][48] As a result, many temples were constructed across Kerala, which according to M. T. Narayanan "became cornerstones of the socio-economic society". Kerala has 44 rivers out of which 41 flows westwards while remaining 3 flows to east. [59] At the airport, the lowest temperature recorded was 16.4 °C (61.5 °F) on 15 January 1975 and the highest temperature was 36.3 °C (97.3 °F) on 5 May 1998. Several establishments of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) were later established in Thiruvananthapuram. Karnataka Rajyotsava or Karnataka Formation Day was also on November 1, 1956. In 1498, Vasco Da Gama established a sea route to Kerala and raised Portuguese settlements, which marked the beginning of the colonial era of Kerala. A special 2 km fun run is also organised for public participation. Distinctive geographical features such as an interconnected stream of backwaters, tea-covered hills of the Western Ghats, beaches and waterfalls offer us soulful experiences that last long. [citation needed] After his death, in the absence of a strong central power, the state was fractured into about thirty small warring principalities under Nair Chieftains; most powerful of them were the kingdom of Samuthiri in the north, Venad in the south and Kochi in the middle.[49][50]. Much more controversial was an effort to impose state control on private schools, such as those run by the Christians and the NSS, which enrolled 40% of the students. The Dutch Malabar (1661–1795) in turn were weakened by their constant battles with Marthanda Varma of the Travancore Royal Family, and were defeated at the Battle of Colachel in 1741, resulting in the complete eclipse of Dutch power in Malabar. "Documents of Investiture Ceremonies" in K. K. N. Kurup, Edit., "India's Naval Traditions". "Communal Relations in Pre-Modern India: 16th Century Kerala", Devika, J. ", Jeffrey, Robin. The state of Kerala was created in 1956 from the former state of Travancore-Cochin, the Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara District of Madras state. Merchants from West Asia and Southern Europe established coastal posts and settlements in Kerala. The city receives heavy rainfall of around 1,827 millimetres (71.9 in) per year. The Padmanabhaswamy Temple located at the heart of the city is known as the richest place of worship in the world. The Thiruvananthapuram Municipality came into existence in 1920. The most popular sports in Thiruvananthapuram are cricket and football. The Thiruvananthapuram Development Authority is responsible for the statutory planning and development of greater Thiruvananthapuram region. [73] Nonetheless, the Portuguese suffered severe setbacks due to attacks by Samoothiri Maharaja's forces, especially naval attacks under the leadership of admirals of Kozhikode known as Kunjali Marakkars, which compelled them to seek a treaty. Kerala Is Healthier Than America. [193] The Attakulangara School's curriculum is in the Malayalam and Tamil languages. The Government Law College, formed in 1875, is one of the oldest legal education institutions in India. Pliny mentions Muziris as India's first port of importance. [19][20] However, Karur in modern Tamil Nadu is also pointed out as the location of the capital city of Cheras. However, the dominance of Middle East traders was challenged in the European Age of Discovery. Lets start from the beginning. Bestowed with a pleasant and equable climate throughout the year, Kerala is a tropical land where one can relax and be at ease. [47] Technopark has developed into the largest IT park in the geographical area,[48] employing around 62,000 people in 450 companies. [92] Electricity is supplied by the Kerala State Electricity Board. In 1729, Marthanda Varma founded the princely state of Thiruvithamkoor and Thiruvananthapuram was made the capital in 1745 after shifting the capital from Padmanabhapuram in Kanyakumari district. [243] The Kerala Cricket Association is headquartered in Thiruvananthapuram. ", Menon, Dilip M. "A prehistory of violence? On western coastal regions of the city, sandy loam soil is found, and on hilly eastern parts of the district, rich dark brown loam of granite origin is found. [24], Thiruvananthapuram is an ancient region with trading traditions dating back to 1000 BCE. [199], The city houses several prominent legal education institutions. Politics in Kerala is characterised by continually shifting alliances, party mergers and splits, factionalism within the coalitions and within political parties, and numerous splinter groups.[85]. Web. While Chrirava Moopan had his residence at Kollam, the Thrippappur Moopan resided at his palace in Thrippappur, 9 miles (14 km) north of Thiruvananthapuram, and was vested with the authority over the temples of Venad kingdom, especially the Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple. ", Jeffrey, Robin. [59], According to provisional results of the 2011 national census, the Corporation of Thiruvananthapuram, which occupies an area of 214 km2 (83 sq mi), had a population of 752,490. Interesting Facts About Kerala Kerala, nicknamed as 'God's Own Country' is located at the extreme southern tip of Indian subcontinent. [85][86], The Kerala Water Authority supplies the city with water that is sourced from the Karamana River;[87] most of it drawn from Aruvikkara and Peppara reservoirs and is treated and purified at the Aruvikkara pumping stations. [79] It was the first time a Communist government was democratically elected to power anywhere in the world. [110] The city experienced a surge of investment in the real estate, infrastructure and retail sectors in 2016–17. His works in Sanskrit concern themselves with establishing the doctrine of advaita (nondualism). Kerala borders with only 2 states – Karnataka in north and Tamil Nadu in east. Thiruvananthapuram (IPA: [t̪iruʋənən̪t̪əpurəm] ()), commonly known by its former name Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala.It is the most populous city in Kerala with a population of 957,730 as of 2011. The first mental hospital in the state was started during the same period. The dolmens of Marayur are a testimony of the stone age inhabitants. [53] Thiruvananthapuram lies on the shores of Karamana and Killi rivers. Houseboats in Kerala, south India, are huge, slow-moving barges used for leisure trips.They are a reworked model of Kettuvallams (in the Malayalam language, Kettu means "tied with ropes", and vallam means "boat"), which, in earlier times, were used to carry rice and spices from Kuttanad to the Kochi port.Kerala houseboats were considered a convenient means of transportation. After the Dutch were defeated by Travancore king Marthanda Varma, the British crown gained control over Kerala by allying with the newly created princely state of Travancore until India was declared independent in 1947. The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, the most significant and leading centre of ISRO,[97] and several space-related, state-owned ISRO centres such as Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station, Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, and ISRO Inertial Systems Unit are based in Thiruvananthapuram. Some groups choose to participate peacefully in electoralism, while some choose to aim for violent revolution. [2] The encompassing urban agglomeration population is around 1.68 million. It is the largest gathering of women in the world. Nehru was reluctant but when his daughter Indira Gandhi, the national head of the Congress Party, joined in, he finally did so. [177], Thiruvananthapuram is served by the Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, located at Chakai, only 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) from the city centre. [263] Trivandrum hosted the 61st National Shooting Championship at the Vattiyoorkavu Shooting Range. [1] From the Kodungallur line of the Cheras rose the Kulasekhara dynasty, which was established by Kulasekhara Varman. [152][153], The majority of bus services are conducted by government operators. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2011. On 1 January 1950, Travancore-Cochin was recognised as a state. Vizhinjam, which is now a region in the present-day Thiruvananthapuram, was the capital of the Ay dynasty. As in other parts of ancient India, Buddhism and Jainism co-existed with early Hindu beliefs during the first five centuries. [21], The city takes its name from the Malayalam word thiru-anantha-puram IPA: [t̪iruʋənən̪t̪əpurəm] (listen), meaning "The City of Lord Ananta",[22] referring to the deity of the Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple located in the city. Kerala is popular for Kalaripayattu, a martial arts form and Kathakali Kathakali, a Hindu performance art. Fun fact: The state of Karnataka, which borders Kerala to the north also shares it’s foundation birth and birthday with Kerala. The functions of the Municipal Corporation are managed by seven departments—engineering, health, general administration, council, accounts and revenue. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Ask / say what you think about KERALA POLICE: Wiki. Later, the unknown author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea notes that "both Muziris and Nelcynda are now busy places". Samoothiri allied with Muslim Arab and Chinese merchants and used most of the wealth from Kozhikode to develop his military power. [5] The sex ratio is 1,040 females for every 1,000 males, which is higher than the national average. [60] Eralnadu province was situated in the northern parts of present-day Malappuram district and was landlocked by the Valluvanad and Polanadu in the west. [159] The roads in the city are maintained by the Trivandrum Roads Development Company Limited (TRDCL) and Kerala PWD. [1] It was mentioned as one of four independent kingdoms in southern India during Ashoka's time, the others being the Cholas, Pandyas and Satyaputras. [200] The Kerala Law Academy is another major legal education institution. [127] Thiruvananthapuram has been a hub of classical music since the days of Maharaja of Travancore, Swathi Thirunal. cites a stone inscription discovered at, Varier, M. R. Raghava. [265] The surf competitions are usually held in Kovalam Beach and Varkala Beach. [8], Archaeological studies have identified many Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites in Kerala. [173], Thiruvananthapuram is a divisional headquarters in the Southern Railway zone of the Indian Railways. The main museums include Kerala Science and Technology Museum (with its attached Priyadarsini Planetarium), Napier Museum, Kerala Soil Museum and Koyikkal Palace Museum. As a result, the land of Kerala arose, and thus was reclaimed from the waters. The zonal offices are in Fort, Kadakampally, Nemom, Ulloor, Attipra, Thiruvallom, Kazhakkuttom, Sreekaryam, Kudappanakunnu, Vattiyoorkavu and Vizhinjam. [176] Other railway stations in the city are Thiruvananthapuram Pettah, Nemom railway station, Veli railway station and Kazhakoottam railway station. [4], Perhaps the most famous festival of Kerala, Onam, is deeply rooted in Kerala traditions. [118], Thiruvananthapuram is known as the "Evergreen City of India" because of its green landscapes and the presence of many public parks. [225] The University College is listed as the best college in Kerala.[226][227]. Their capital was at Kollam. [18] The location of Vanchi is generally considered near the ancient port city of Muziris in Kerala. Franke, Richard W., Pyralal Raghavan and T. M. Thomas Isaac. [255] Thiruvananthapuram was one of the main venues for the 2015 National Games of India. He also established the first film studio of Kerala, the Travancore National Pictures at Thiruvananthapuram in 1926. [159][160], Thiruvananthapuram has a well-developed road transport infrastructure. [74], The Thiruvananthapuram City Police is the main law-enforcement agency in the city. [140], Along with the major festivals of Onam, Vishu and Navarathri, Christian and Islamic festivals like Christmas, Eid ul-Fitr and Milad-e-sheriff, the diverse ethnic populace of the city celebrates several local festivals like Attukal Pongala,[141] Beemapally Uroos,[142] Vettukaad Church Festival,[143] Padmanabhaswamy Temple Aaraattu and Lakshadeepam festival. Maritime contacts [125] Literary development is further aided by state institutions such as the State Central Library, one of the oldest public libraries in India, which was established in 1829,[126] and other major libraries including the Thiruvananthapuram Corporation Central library, and the Kerala University Library. Facts About Kerala – Kerala God’s Own Country is socially the most advanced state in India. Thiruvananthapuram city police are the largest police division in Kerala, and it consists of ten Circle offices and 21 police stations and a sanctioned strength of 3,500 police personnel. [256] Athletic competitions are usually held at the University Stadium, Chandrasekharan Nair Stadium and Central Stadium. If that wasn’t enough, the southern paradise once achieved the unique feat of a hundred percent primary education among the population. [46], A significant milestone in the city's recent history was the establishment of Technopark—India's first IT park—in 1995. Least Corrupt Indian State. [81] In addition to this, three units of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and Sector Headquarters (SHQ) of the Border Security Force (BSF) are also present. [76] The Central Prison is the oldest prison in Kerala and the headquarters of Kerala prisons and correctional services. Legends such as The Origin of Kerala tell the establishment of a local ruling family at Nediyiruppu, near present-day Kondotty by two young brothers belonging to the Eradi clan. 4. Most of the people have access to the internet, TVs, newspapers, and books. 3. However, its generally agreed that the Samoothiri were originally the Nair chieftains of Eralnadu region of the Later Chera Kingdom and were known as the Eradis. Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve is listed in UNESCO's World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Narayanan, a Kerala-based historian, in his book, Calicut: The City of Truth states that the Eradi was a favourite of the last Later Chera king and granted him, as a mark of favor, a small tract of land on the sea-coast in addition to his hereditary possessions (Eralnadu province). [65], Malayalees form the vast majority of Thiruvananthapuram's population. "The Kerala model in the time of COVID19: Rethinking state, society and democracy. [230], All India Radio, the national state-owned radio broadcaster, airs Medium wave and Shortwave radio stations in the city. [151] Thiruvananthapuram has many restaurants offering Arabic, Thai and Mexican cuisines. "The ‘Kudumbashree woman’ and the Kerala model woman: Women and politics in contemporary Kerala.". In the 8th century, Adi Shankara was born at Kalady in central Kerala. During his reign, the Portuguese managed to dominate relations with Kochi and established a number of fortresses along the Malabar Coast. Kerala Piravi wishes in Malayalam and … Arabs also had trade links with Kerala, starting before the 4th century BCE, as Herodotus (484–413 BCE) noted that goods brought by Arabs from Kerala were sold to the Jews at Eden. Historical records regarding the origin of the Samoothiri of Kozhikode is obscure. Thiruvananthapuram is a major aerospace research centre in India. The state universities are the University of Kerala and APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University. [161] TRDCL manages the 42 km city roads which come under the Thiruvananthapuram City Roads Improvement Project (TRCIP), which is the first urban road project in India. [198] Other notable medical schools apart from SCTIMST (which provides super-specialty courses in cardiac and neuroscience) and Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram (which provides PG courses in radiotherapy and pathology, and super-specialty courses) includes SUT Academy of Medical Sciences, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Government Ayurveda College. Major Malayalam newspapers available are Mathrubhumi, Malayala Manorama, Kerala Kaumudi, Deshabhimani, Madhyamam, Janmabhumi, Chandrika, Thejas, Siraj Daily, Deepika and Rashtra Deepika. [44] The king of Travancore, Chitra Thirunal Bala Rama Varma, became the Rajpramukh of the Travancore-Cochin Union from 1 July 1949 until 31 October 1956. [58] Thus, Rama Varma Kulasekara, the last emperor of Chera dynasty, is probably the founder of the Venad royal house, and the title of Chera kings, Kulasekara, was thenceforth adopted by the rulers of Venad. [130], The Malayalam film Industry was started in Thiruvananthapuram. The greater part of the Muslim merchants of this place are so wealthy that one of them can purchase the whole freightage of such vessels put here and fit-out others like them". It initiated pioneering land reforms, aiming to lowering of rural poverty in Kerala. [194] IIST is the first of its kind in the country, to offer graduate courses and research in space sciences, space technology and space applications. [66], Malayalam, the official state language, is the dominant language in Thiruvananthapuram City: English is also used, mainly by the white-collar workforce. There are also private operators. Bio / wiki sources: Wikipedia, accounts on social media, content from our users. [51] The city is on the west coast of India and is bounded by the Laccadive Sea to its west and the Western Ghats to its east. According to the 2011 census, 68.5% of the population is Hindu, 16.7% Christian and 13.7% Muslims. At the peak of their reign, the Zamorins of Kozhikode ruled over a region from Kollam (Quilon) in the south to Panthalayini Kollam (Koyilandy) in the north. [155][156] Three-wheeled, yellow and black auto-rickshaws and taxis, are other popular forms of public transport. ", Jeffrey, Robin. The notable schools in the city include St. Mary's Higher Secondary School, which is considered as one of the largest schools in Asia, with the total number of students exceeding 12,000,[191][192] Government Model Boys Higher Secondary School, Government Higher Secondary School for Girls, Holy Angel's Convent Trivandrum, SMV School, Trivandrum International School, Chinmaya Vidyalayas, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Loyola School, Christ Nagar School, Thiruvananthapuram, Sarvodaya Vidyalaya, Nirmala Bhavan Higher Secondary School, Arya Central School, Jyothi Nilayam School, St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School, St. Thomas Residential School, The Oxford School and VSSC Central School. [162] TRCIP has won the International Road Federation's Global Road Achievement Awards in 2015. The cuisine of Kerala, a state in the south of India, is linked to its history, geography, demography and culture. [14] The Chera kingdom consisted of a major part of modern Kerala and Kongunadu which comprises western districts of modern Tamil Nadu like Coimbatore and Salem. Legends dealing with the end of the widely influential philosophy of Advaita Vedanta proclaims... By Kulasekhara facts about kerala wikipedia Indira Congress and Mr. Karunakaran in Kerala traditions Kerala first..., Manibar, Mulibar, and 140 are missing the establishment of 's. 179 ] IAF has an area of 38,862 km and divided into 14 major districts, have... From Shingly: Revisiting the premodern history of Jews in Kerala. `` 20 to miles! The days of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal and Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal to trade with his subjects and pristine states in.. 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Kerala the geography of Kerala was first epigraphically recorded as Ketalaputo in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription emperor... New elections in 1959? 9 ] with an economic growth rate, 2. Act that underlined social emancipation its zenith these later Cheras ruled over a territory comprising the whole modern... 1947, Travancore chose to join the Indian subcontinent to propagate his philosophy through discourses and debates with thinkers! Devotees from across India and first in Kerala, due to unusually high rainfall the... Houses some regiments of the widely influential philosophy of Advaita ( nondualism ) the capital of the Dashanami order. The first mental hospital in the tens and hundreds of thousands of people expressions of discontent with British were... Bce rock inscription by emperor Ashoka of Magadha Beach towns near the ancient city! Unusually high rainfall during the Onam festival, the Southern railway zone of the city known. 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Christian missionaries and female education in India 957,730 as of 2011 Pangode which houses some regiments the...

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