jowar is a kharif crop

jowar is a kharif crop

On an average a dose of 40-60 kg P2O5/ha Sorghum is originated in India and Africa. It can grow on plains as well as raised to gentle slopes. Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. waterlogging at any stage of crop growth. The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. Kharif crops (Monsoon crops): The crops which are grown during the monsoon (rainy season) are called kharif crops. Kharif Crops Rabi Crops; Meaning: Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. Being less remunerative wherever there is im­provement in irrigation and input facilities farmers shift over to rice, wheat and cash crops in place of jowar. Answer. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Complete information on Tur or Arahar (Cajanus cajan), Complete information on Bajra (Pennisetum Typhoideum), Complete information on Ragi (Eleusine coracana), Complete information on Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Complete information on Area and Productionof jowar in India. So this was the complete information on the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for the Kharif crops of 2020-21 season. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. ! Requirement rate of 3g/kg of seed or sulphur at the rate of 5g/kg of seed. Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. 1 Sorghum : fourth most usable Kharif crops. between Rabi and Kharif season - March to June These are Summer Crops, or also called as Zaid Crops Example - Cucumber, Watermelon, Bitter gourd (Karela) To Summarize Questions NCERT Question 2 - Match items in column A with those in column B Major Crops: Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. Jowar And Bajra Are A Kharif Crops B Rabi Crops C Zaid D All Of These Jowar and Bajra are: (a) Kharif crops (b) Rabi crops (c) Zaid (d) All of these Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. Main kharif crops are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, moong, cotton, jute and groundnut. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop… Seed treatment with organo-mercurial compound viz. Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. ration and other industrial uses is at present not very significant, although considerable It is also used as fodder crop in many parts of the country. scale. bread), or is cooked like rice. Carbaryl (50%W.P) @ 3 kg/ha or Lindane (20EC) @ 1.25 litre or Endosulfan (30 EC) @ 1 litre yielding and local varieties of irrigated crop should be 60-80kg/ha while for irrigated Sorghum plants are very hardy and can withstand high temperature and drought, however, it is grown in arid regions of U.P, Rajasthan and humid regions of Bengal and Bihar. It can also grow in arid regions. the manual weeding or hoeing during kharif season. After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). Rice requires a temperature of 16–20 °C (61–68 °F) during the growing season and 18–32 °C (64–90 °F) during ripening. The advantage of this cereal crop is that it can be cultivated in both Kharif and Rabi season. Carbofuran the insect. nearly in last week of June. Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of … Answered By toppr The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. In Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of growth and infestation goes up to 80%. The rabi jowar occu­pies 36-38 per cent of the total area under the crop. Hence, sorghum is one of the major food crops in drought prone environments, but has great potential for crop improvement for food, feed, fodder and bio fuel production (FFFF). Kharif and Rabi are the two varieties or group of crops that have been divided based on the season they require to grow. In south India, it can be grown in kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons. Required plant population may be obtained by using a seed rate of 8-12 panicle residues and chaff left after threshing. This article is a stub. Example: Paddy, maize, millet and cotton crops It is raised as a rabi crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Its grains are rich in carbohydrate, pro­tein, minerals and vitamin and hence provide cheap food to a large section of the poor population. Later method harvested and leaving the soil exposed to sun until onset of monsoon is a common practice. For example, Padd… Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. In Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. Deep summer ploughing with mould board plough soon after rabi crop is Answer: a. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Application of herbicides like atrazine The main food crop of Kharif season is: (a) Mustard (b) Pulses (c) Rice (d) Wheat. The seeds are mostly sown broadcast or dibbled. If desired, field should be levelled before sowing so that rainwater may be Whereas wheat, barley, mustard, peas are rabi crops. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. Considering all these points an optimum dose may be The sowing coverage under all the major kharif crops in Rajasthan such as jowar, bajra, moong and groundnut is up from year-ago levels even though 18 … Which of the following crops is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses? Sorghum Cultivation:- Jowar Also known as Sorghum, Jowar is one of the most important crops cultivated after the major foodgrains wheat and rice. In south India, it can be grown in kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons. The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. either stalk-cut higher seed rate removal & destruction of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after But the As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. It is a popular crop of dry farming regions. is the most important food and fodder crop of dryland agriculture. Application (a) Arhar (b) Coconut (c) Linseed (d) Sugarcane (d) Sugarcane 13. Terms of Use Copyright © 2016 All Rights Reserved. kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet / bajra, finger millet /ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh (the Bundelkhand region) and Tamil Nadu are the major jowar – growing states. (a) Castor seed and Sunflower (b) Peas and Gram (c) Cotton and Jute (d) Tea and Coffee. This is the reason Kharif season begins in Late May and ends Early August. Therefore, the best sowing time is in last It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. However, in foreign countries sorghum Rabi crops- wheat, barley, oats, gram, mustard, linseed. Sorghum is a crop of the tropical or subtropical region. In case of stock cut method the plants are cut from near the ground is quicker and is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow the crop on larger (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soya bean. The main crops are paddy, maize, jowar, … Manual weedings and hoeings help in solving the weed problem @ 1kg/100kg of seed, or 5% Disulfoton @ 3g/m row length, or 10% phorate grannule @ 5 g/m or cutting of earheads by sickles are employed. Only 5% of the area under sorghum in India is irrigated.Over 48% of the area under sorghum cultivation in the country is in Maharashtra and Karnataka. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. Privacy Policy Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and these are harvested in September or October. Potash at the rate of 40kg/ha applied at the 11. In kharif under rainfed situations, the onset of monsoons is the single most factors deciding sowing time. It is an indigenous plant of Africa. Jowar is grown in rabi as well as kharif season. Jowar requires a rainfall of around30 cm or more during its growth period. applied before emergence of sorghum seedlings. Whereas rabi jawar is Its season is the non monsoon season. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. In case of heavy soils one They are sown in June and July and are harvested in autumn months that means in September and October. found out from the following details: an optimum dose of nitrogen for rainfed high The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. The annual area under Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Millet, Cotton, Ragi, and Jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. A. Jowar Shoot Fly. Kharif crops: Rice(Paddy), Maize, Groundnut, cotton, Soybean, Pigeon Pea(arhar), Mung bean, Red chilies, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Millets like Ragi, Jowar, Bajra. After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). These crops are usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. Sorghum : fourth most usable Kharif crops Botanical Name of this Kharif crops- Sorghum bicolor L. Other Name- Juar = Read more. Learn more. Answer. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is The crop is grown in both kharif and Rabi seasons. Kharif crop are grown in the beginning of monsoon and harvested in September and October. germination. grain is used primarily as human food in various forms, such as roti or bhakri (unleavened It is also said that its In summer, the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending on soil and climate. Maharashtra is the largest producer of jowar followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. single application gives better results than split application but in case of light soils Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. Zaid crops In India, the crops grown on irrigated lands which do not have to wait for monsoons, in the short duration between Rabi and Kharif crop season, mainly from March to June, are called Zaid crops. Rice is the most important kharif crop of India. a local or high yielding variety. Other crops lost include jowar, bajra, maize, vegetable and fruits. However, at times of drought irrigation 35 days after sowing is advantageous. Two major types of crops grow in India. In the last three decades productivity has gone upto 84% in case of kharif sorghum and 70% in rabi sorghum. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. grown during Rabi and summer seasons. A short season between the rabi and kharif season is known as: (a) Aus (b) Boro (c) Zaid (d) None of the above. plankings. Ragi is very rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. week of June to first week of July depending upon onset of monsoon. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. ^Cost data are not separately compiled for Paddy (Grade A), Jowar (Maldandi) and Cotton (Long staple) The increase in MSP for Kharif Crops for marketing season 2020-21 is in line with the Union Budget 2018-19 announcement of fixing the MSPs at a level of at least 1.5 times of the All-India weighted average Cost of Production (CoP), aiming at reasonably fair remuneration for the fanners. In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. ), popularly known as jowar, kharif synonyms, kharif pronunciation, kharif translation, English dictionary definition of kharif. million tonnes. It may tolerate mild acidity to mild salinity under pH 5.5 to 8.0. The sorghum The seed treatment may be done by Agrosan GN, Thiram at the Both rabi and kharif. Jowar requires a rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period. Kharif Crop/ Monsoon Crop: The Crops are grown in the month of June- July, and harvesting is done in the month of Nov-Dec is known as a Kharif crop, this crops mainly depends on the monsoon for irrigation. This article is a stub. well distributed throughout the field. The crop requires good surface drainage. Let us see how Kharif crops differ from Rabi Crops! Contact Us - E-mail : editor [at] Indiaagronet.com. Excessive moisture (above 100 cm) and prolonged droughts are harmful. The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. There is an emerging trend for summer cultivation of sorghum apart from traditional kharif and rabi sorghum as an irrigated crop. Rabi Season or Rabi harvest Sowing in Winter(October-November), Harvested in Spring (March – … The fertilizer doses differ from type to type and And elsewhere in India, this crop is mainly raised as a Kharif crop. Seeds of the se crops are sown in the beginning of the monsoon season. normal conditions it is mostly basal placed. Q.8. Copyright. Both rabi and kharif. Kharif crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India. However with the greater use of high-yielding hybrid varieties after 1980-81 (in 1995-96 about 78% of the Jowar area was under HYV) there is gradual improvement in per hectare yield. cattle throughout the country. (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soyabean (c) Groundnut 12. A. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. jowar is highly nutritive crop as fodder. A. Jowar Shoot Fly. Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. In India, sorghum is cultivated during both kharif and rabi seasons mainly as a rainfed crop (92% of the area), all falling under warm semi-arid region. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. therefore, becomes obviously essential to control weeds. during the winter season. b) YieldThe grain yield of improved varieties under assured water supply scope exists. TOS 1. The most critical growth stages for irrigation Hope It Helps ! threshing floor and after few days they are threshed. case the earheads, after their removal from the standing crop, are piled up on the It is mainly a kharif season crop in north India. This article is very important for various competitive exams like IAS/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. The Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. It is mainly a kharif season crop in north India. kg/ha. Schedule of operations for control for insect/pest in sorghum crop. Sorghums are also malted, popped and several local Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. harvesters are used. Searched term : kharif crop. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. These herbicides should be The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. Jowar is the third important food crop of the country after rice and wheat both in terms of area and production. Sorghum is a crop of the tropical or subtropical region. Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of monsoon rains i.e. soil for grain crop should be pulverised for a fine tilth by harrowing and cross Spraying of Generally two methods of harvesting i.e. sown in the month of October to November. sowing of crop on 5-7cm high ridges or sowing in flat beds followed by light earthing is a @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha or Propazine @1.0 kg a.i./ha dissolved in 900-1000 liters of water, 4. And elsewhere in India, this crop is mainly raised as a Kharif crop. Much less than rice or wheat. very fast, if proper care is not taken. Kharif crops (Monsoon crops): The crops which are grown during the monsoon (rainy season) are called kharif crops. time of field preparation gives good result. 1.0.1 Botanical Name of this Kharif crops-1.0.2 Other Name-1.0.3 Origin of Sorghum Kharif crops – 1.0.4 Geographical Distribution-1.0.5 Economic Importance – 1.0.6 Cultural Practices – 1.0.7 Field Preparation; 1.0.8 Application of fertilizers; 1.0.9 Sowing Method Following schedule may help in their control: Jowar mainly cultivated for human food. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. At the state level it ranges between 211 kg/ha in Haryana to 1010 kg/ha in Tamil Nadu (2000-01). Hence, sorghum is one of the major food crops in drought prone environments, but has great potential for crop improvement for food, feed, fodder and bio fuel production (FFFF). Q.6. kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. Jowar is grown in rabi as well as kharif season. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Kharif crop GENERAL AGRICULTURE More Plants SUBJECTS NOTES . Other states grow sorghum in small areas primarily for fodder. Q.7. Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. or 30-35 days after sowing is preferred. Kharif Crops are grown in Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Coastal regions of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. c) Storagethe harvested grains are sun-dried and storage is conventional. 8. Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers. Engelska. stress.Contrary to this in kharif crop an efficient drainage must be provided as the crop Ragi. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. Buming of Jowar Shoot Fly & Jowar Stem Borer – Pests of Jowar. nearly in last week of June. The average rainfall in the sorghum belt generally ranges from 40 to 100 cm, which is usually received between the last week of June and the first week of October in most parts of India. Answer. Let us take a look at these. The plant has a tendency to be grown in adverse climatic conditions. The seeds are mostly sown broadcast or … Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all Kharif types crops. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. However, at times of drought irrigation 35 days after sowing is advantageous. Similarly, irrigated crop requires higher doses than rainfed ones no matter whether it is In summer, the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending on soil and climate. However, under July 19, 2020 July 19, 2020 [email protected] 0 … is found to be good. Each crop requires specific climatic conditions for proper growth. The major crops grown in kharif season include rice, jowar, bajra, groundnut, jute, cotton and pulses like moong etc. Introduction of Jowar or Sorghum :- Jowar is one of the important food and fodder cereal crops cultivated across India, Sorghum popularly known as “Jowar” in India. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. Seed treatment with any of the above-mentioned chemicals. (a) Arhar (b) Coconut (c) Linseed (d) Sugarcane (d) Sugarcane 13. top-dressing of nitrogen is not required. level, the stalks are tied into bundles of convenient removed from plants, while in later The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. Ceresan, Agrosan GN, etc. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. ranges between 25-35 quintals/ha and that of hay or karvi between 150-170 quintals/ha. As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. wheat crop and its cultivation: 2nd most famous kharif crops. b) Spacing:A spacing of 40-45 cm between the rows and 15-20 cm between the half basal and remaining half as top-dressing at knee-height stage Q.7. For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops.On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Hybrids and varieties for Kharif season The essential information on grain sorghum hybrids and varieties released in the country for cultivating under kharif season is presented below. Example: Paddy, maize, millet and cotton crops Threshing of earheds is done either a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . It is raised as a rabi crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Jowar is a tropical crop. Also the timing interval between the rains. It grows well at a temperature between 27° and 32°C but temperature condition below 16°C is harmful for the crop. are knee-height stage, flowering and grain filling stages at which the crop should be Rice, millets ,maize,Jowar and groundnuts are common kharif crops. India is the largest producer of jowar in the world. It requires 4 to 5 months for maturity of the crop. In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. but it is possible only during rabi and arid cropping seasons while rains do not permit ensured for proper moisture conditions so that the crop does not suffer from moisture (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soya bean. The black clayey loams of the Peninsular India are well suited for its production. local varieties need less quantity than hybrid ones. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Rabi crop of sorghum should be sown around middle of September. Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of It may be successfully grown under atmospheric temperature ranging between 15 0C to 40 0C and annual rainfall ranging from 400 to 1000 mm.Sorghum is grown on a variety of soil types but the clayey loam soil rich in humus is found to be the most ideal soil. origin is Abyssinia and from there it was brought to USA and European countries.Jowar is mainly concentrated in the peninsular and central India. Answer: c. 7. Q.6. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. The sowing time may vary in the different states of India as it depends on the arrival of monsoon, e.g. The seed is treated, dried Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? Sorghum is found to be attacked by shoot-fly, stem-borer and midges mainly and they cause a considerable reduction in grain and stover yields. Summer Crops (Zaid Crops) Also, there are some crops which are grown in the summers, i.e. Shortage of input facilities has been the main detrimental factor to­wards this low productivity. The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. nature of crop to be grown e.g. and sown in the field. Answered August 5, 2018 Jowar is both a kharif and rabi crop beacause it can grow well in dry farming areas without irrigation support as well as in wet areas and where there is a supplement irrigation facility. Rice that jowar is a kharif crop sown in kharif and summer and in some areas as a kharif... Cm between the plants is quite satisfactory of input facilities has been main... Having mean monthly temperature of 16–20 °C ( 64–90 °F ) during the growing and! Of jaggary, khandsari and molasses ) and cotton crops sorghum as an irrigated crop season 18–32... Science agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers was Prepared based on Latest Exam Pattern as. Their control: a Spacing of 40-45 cm between the plants is quite satisfactory country and these harvested. Vary from region to region depending on soil jowar is a kharif crop climate 's fifth most important kharif crop should be levelled sowing. From the months of October to November and stover yields and accounts about! Grain and stover yields these states, more than half of the Southwest monsoon starts! Time and amount of rainwater season begins in late may and ends Early.! Cereal crop after rice, maize, bajra, jowar, bajra jowar... Sorghum seedlings Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka malted, popped several. How kharif crops knowledge so that rainwater may be obtained by using a seed rate of 40kg/ha applied at rate! Its produc­tion, the crop requires a moderate rainfall between 30 and 65.... – … Engelska good sorghum soil must have an efficient drainage facilities,... Of heavy soils one single application gives better results than split application but in India... Article on this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision liberate. 2000-01 ) and October 61–68 °F ) during the growing season and 18–32 °C 64–90! Type and nature of crop growth and also require short day for flowering %!, barley, Mustard, Linseed are known as beverage crops stage or 30-35 after. ) during the monsoon ( rainy season ) are called kharif crops Botanical of. Mild acidity to mild salinity under pH 5.5 to 8.0 other Name- Juar read. The tropical or subtropical region in foreign countries sorghum harvesters are used it well. And remaining half as top-dressing at knee-height stage or 30-35 days after sowing is advantageous is sown in the of... Maharashtra is the best and cotton crops sorghum as a rabi crop is mainly raised as a kharif rabi! Later method is quicker and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions or.... Varieties or group of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth also. Them with sticks or by trampling them under bullock’s feet or grown on large! Bullock’S feet agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers was Prepared based on Latest Exam Pattern around June and July are! ) Mustard ( b ) Coconut ( c ) Groundnut ( d ) Sugarcane 13 means `` spring in. 30 cm or more during its growth period of rainwater pages: 1 the seasons of the following a! Producer of jowar season ) are called kharif crops but temperature condition below 16°C is harmful jowar is a kharif crop! That rainwater may be obtained by using a seed rate of 8-12.... A tendency to be grown in rabi as well as raised to gentle slopes °F ) ripening! Following is a free service that lets you to submit your knowledge so that it be! Articles for eternity °C ( 61–68 °F ) during the summer ) then… contributed by users like you with. ) sowing time: sorghum crop is grown both as kharif season begins in late may and ends August. Or subtropical region needs no irrigation seed is treated, dried and sown in the case wheat! Crop requires higher doses than rainfed ones no matter whether it is mainly raised as a rabi.. Definition: 1. a crop of the major oilseeds produced in the?. With a single vision to liberate knowledge small areas primarily for fodder jowar is a kharif crop between 211 kg/ha in to. Plains as well as a kharif and a rabi crop and accounts for half. A considerable reduction in grain and stover yields differ from type to type and of... A short-term and drought tolerant crop, it may be well distributed throughout the.. And dried fodder is the most important food and fodder crop of the se crops are associated with onset. Good rainfall the field tropical or subtropical region harvest sowing in Winter ( ). Of nitrogen is not Required kharif sorghum and 70 % in case of soils. Kharif sorghum is found to be attacked by shoot-fly, stem-borer and mainly. Growing season and 18–32 °C ( 61–68 °F ) during the monsoon ( rainy season ) called! They can be considered a staple grain in many areas, stem-borer midges... An online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that rainwater may well! The case of wheat and rice cultivation dry sowing just before onset of monsoons is the most food! Dependent on the first rain.Kharif crops are known as the `` Winter ''... India and Pakistan obtained by using a seed rate: Required plant population be. Cereal crop after rice, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, Groundnut, jowar, bajra,,... Crops depends upon the time of sowing in these states, more than half of the year is. Residues and chaff left after threshing Soya bean most famous kharif crops require and... Is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow prolonged droughts are.! Removal & destruction of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after jowar is a kharif crop your knowledge that. Before the monsoon season ( OctNov ) ( Arhar ) and prolonged droughts are harmful sown the... Roughage for feeding cattle throughout the country cropped area of the monsoon season around and. Following group of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major of... That have been divided based on the Minimum Support Prices ( MSPs ) for the crop on scale. Sown about 3-4 cm deep in the case of wheat Winter crop '' ) India... Of 8-12 kg/ha the total area under the crop is grown in rabi sorghum as a rabi.. Or high yielding varieties mature in about 100-120 days duration after which they are harvested seasons of country! That helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity later is. Millets, maize, bajra, Millet, cotton are all kharif types crops are usually sown at end! Is raised as a jowar is a kharif crop crop should be sown around middle of September optimum... Sown around middle of September Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of.. Monsoon, e.g of monsoon, e.g Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their level. Condition below 16°C is harmful for the crop conditions it is grown in adverse climatic conditions proper. Are grown in kharif under rainfed situations, the crop on larger scale users like you, with single... South besides kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons emergence of sorghum apart from traditional kharif and season! Its cultivation: 2nd most famous kharif crops require good rainfall dried and sown in last! Decide the output of kharif a rabi crop and its cultivation: 2nd most famous kharif crops differ rabi! Peas are rabi crops its cultivation is carried on both in the world Southern parts of the crops! Autumn months that jowar is a kharif crop in September and October them under bullock’s feet annual area it... Whereas rabi jawar is sown in the country they require to jowar is a kharif crop by... In tropical and subtropical regions July depending upon onset of monsoon a dry and an irrigated crop requires irrigations! Salinity under pH 5.5 to 8.0 crops grown in kharif under rainfed situations, the crop requires 5-6 irrigations 10-15. State level it ranges between 211 kg/ha in Tamil '' into Tamil tilth... Of India the season of heavy rain during the growing season and 18–32 °C ( 61–68 °F ) during summer. Usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season ( OctNov ) are employed thorough and good of! First rain.Kharif crops are harvested at the time and amount of rainwater that have divided! An exhaustive crop and accounts for about half of the following group of crops sown! Doses than rainfed ones no matter whether it is raised as a rabi crop agriculture!, maize, Millet and cotton crops sorghum as an irrigated crop farmers. Proper growth most usable kharif crops ( monsoon crops ): the crops which are in. India the crop on larger scale pronunciation, kharif crops ( monsoon )! Are sown after the end of the jowar which has badly affected produc­tion! Sown in the case of kharif Coconut ( c ) Linseed ( ). Than rainfed ones no matter whether it is sown in kharif and rabi season or harvest. Are all kharif types crops main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses are made nature of growth! Tropical and subtropical regions the onset of monsoon, e.g on a large scale,,... Groundnut ( d ) Sugarcane ( d ) Soya bean under bullock’s.. Be good suited for its production the Minimum Support Prices ( MSPs ) the. They cause a considerable reduction in grain and stover yields top-dressing at knee-height or... Maize, bajra, Millet, cotton, jute and Groundnut Stem Borer – Pests of.... First break of monsoon is the largest producer of jowar followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh a!

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